According to federal law, employers are required to treat all workers equally, whether they are U.S. citizens or legal immigrants, and whether they share the employers’ national origin or not. However, employers continue to purposefully discriminate against various groups of workers. It is important for workers to know and understand federal regulations so they can prevent workplace discrimination and report instances of it to authorities.
Certain groups are frequently discriminated against. In particular, immigrants to the United States, even if they have a work visa and other documentation, often find themselves targets of workplace discrimination. This discrimination is illegal, since immigrants are protected by federal laws enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) According to the website of Melton & Kumler, a worker who is treated unfairly on the basis of national origin or race may be eligible to receive financial compensation.
If you believe that you have been discriminated against, contact a employment lawyer today to discuss your options.
National origin discrimination includes any discrimination due to a person’s appearance, cultural customs, or language. The EEOC also prevents employers from using hiring practices such as citizenship requirements and minimum height requirements, which could rule out certain national and ethnic groups. Also illegal is discrimination against the language of a person or group, which includes enforcing speak-English-only rules and discriminating against someone because of their accent, even if they can be understood clearly.
Discrimination based on a person’s citizenship is also completely illegal. The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 prevents employers from using “U.S. citizen only” and “Green card only” policies, and prohibits requiring additional work authorization documents that are not stipulated by federal law.
According to the EEOC, it is your right to work without undergoing employment discrimination. If you are a victim of discrimination based on national origin or ethnicity, call 1-800-669-4000 to reach an EEOC office and begin an investigation.